Outreach programme to reach the unreached-


 Formation of satellite nursery: Horticultural crops occupying nearly 34,778 ha area in Kamrup district. In spite of suitable climatic condition production and productivity of horticulture crop is not satisfactory. Lack of quality planting material is considered as one of the major production constraint for development of commercial horticulture in the district. Though, several private nurseries in and around Guwahati are coming up recently still there is a big gap between planting material produced and need of the growers. In short, the present status of nurseries in the district may be stated as follows.

  1. Most of the nurseries are producing potted and seasonal flowering plants
  2. Most the nurseries not maintaining mother stock for raising seedlings. Generally these nurseries used to collect seedlings of fruits, flowers, plantation crops from outside the state and sell the same.
  3. The plants produced in the nurseries are not properly certified or true to the type.
  4. There is no authenticity that seedlings are free from diseases and vulnerable pest.
  5. Most of the nurseries are mixed type of nurseries and as a result they are not in a position to supply planting material in a large scale for commercial horticulture. The nurserymen handling their nurseries are not fully trained or well-versed with nursery management.

      Keeping all the above facts in mind and to make the quality planting material available, KVK, Kamrup initiated two-month vocational training programme on raising of modern and scientific nursery with a view to raise satellite nurseries under the guidance of KVK, Kamrup. In the progamme 21 trainees were imparted training in main campus for four weeks and they were attached with a few commercial nurseries for the rest four weeks for building of self confidence after knowing daily activities of commercial nurseries, such as management and maintenance, cleaning, record keeping, types of buyers, demand of product and also to create linkage with the #commercial nursery.
Presently KVK, Kamrup has been using them as satellite nursery and consistently fulfilling some of the immediate demand for quality planting materials.

ii. Establishment of satellite communication centre:

Constant communication is an immense problem in Kamrup due to its large geographical area, covering  4,111 sq km and also certain places are remote. An Ashram namely Swarnabayu is situated about thirty km away from KVK, Kamrup with more than 300 active member farm families. It conducts meetings regularly at monthly interval. KVK, Kamrup successfully established this ashram as a satellite centre for the KVK to communicate various massages to the immediate needy farmers.
The scientists of KVK, Kamrup used to attend every meetings of the ashram to meet the farmers for interaction and communication of different messages. The information on visit of KVK scientists to the Ashram disseminated to the nearby villages and found that in addition to the active members of Ashram, other farmers used to attend the meeting regularly to collect information from the scientists directly.
Moreover, Mr. Sukleswar Das, resident of Magurpara, secretary of ashram had been trained to deal with the farmers for various queries. Sri Das is advised

  1. To contact KVK over phone with the query and subsequently to pass the information to the concerned farmer.
  2. To advise the farmers to visit KVK to get any critical information.

iii. Introduction of entrepreneur as resource person:

KVK, Kamrup is trying best to promote agri-entrepreneurs since its inception. It has been observed that the trainees specially attending vocational training programme are more comfortable and easily accept the views forwarded by successful entrepreneur. Therefore, we are engaging the entrepreneur promoted by KVK as resource person so that the rural youths can have first hand information in respect of entrepreneurship development including problem and prospect.

Significant achievements:


i. Commercial Banana cultivation enhanced farmer’s income:
Sri Gobinda Kalita, Son of  Sri Bilat Kalita, a resident of Vill & P.O: Bartari under Chayygaon ADO Circle Dist: Kamrup pioneered the Malbhog banana plantation during  2007 at Bartari village under the guidance of KVK, Kamrup in an area of 0.33 ha. Presently, it has been expanded to an area of 1.30 ha and the income from selling of banana rose to about Rs. 22,500/- per month.
Presently more than 250 educated rural youths/ participating farmers of adjoining villages started malbhog banana cultivation on commercial basis in an area of more than 266.00 ha increasing their average monthly income ranging from Rs.7000/- to Rs.18,000/-.
ii. Coomercial floriculture made farm families self sustenance:
Sri Jiten Das, S/O Sri Dhanuram Das of village Konadia under Hajo Block, after undergoing training at KVK, Kamrup started growing flowers on commercial basis. Presently, he has become a florist and his present monthly income is Rs 25,000/-. This income is mostly generated from different flowers like- Marigold, Gerbera and Tuberose. Presently, all the farm families of his village adopted diversified agriculture where floriculture becomes  a major component of farming. Subsequently, the impact of the locality spread to the surrounding areas, mainly  twelve villages. Around 3200 farm families  could earn an average income of ranging from Rs 6000/- to 25,000/- per month. by selling mainly Marigold, Tuberose and Gerbera.

iii. Nursery production provides livelihood:

Mrs. Chandana Mahanta Baniya, W/O Mr. Thaneswar Baniya, (Mob.9864501532) of Baihata Chariali, has selected nursery raising as a means of earning and has started a small nursery (Sunrise) during 2005 under the guidance of KVK, Kamrup at Baihata Chariali. She is maintaining the mother plants of different seasonal flowers, perennial flowering and foliage plants, different horticultural & potted plants in an area of 6 bighas of land and sales 5000 seedlings of coconut annually to the Coconut Board. Her annual gross income has now raised to 1.5 lakhs from Rs. 30,000/- by the end of December,2013.
iv. Training helps in adoption of high value crops:
Sri Nageswar Deka, S/O Sri Lalit Kalita of Baruajani, an educated unemployed youth has selected Floriculture business as a means of earning after taking training and time to time guidance from KVK, Kamrup. He has started his business during 2006 by cultivating marigold, gerbera and tuberose in 0.08 ha of land. Now he has expanded his cultivation to 0.40 of land. He has also submitted a project proposal of Rs.2 lakh on Nursery production to the SIRD for financial assistance during May, 2009 and subsequently was granted a subsidy of Rs. 50,000 for further development of his business. He has raised his annual income to Rs. 80,000/- from Rs.20,000/- .
v. Pig farming made farm women as entrepreneur :
Mrs. Makani Kalita W/o Sri Nagen Kalita  of Upper Mirzapur Azara, has been doing piggery farming successfully for last two years. Initially a group of women approached KVK, Kamrup for guidance for their livelihood. Subsequently they underwent training in the KVK, Kamrup on Commercial pig farming. After that by the guidance of scientist of KVK, Kamrup they approached the bank for financial assistance. Mrs. Kalita came forward for starting the unit immediately. A scheme for viable piggery unit was prepared by KVK, Kamrup and accordingly she got the loan sanctioned and then started the  unit in a small scale. Gradually, she has been able to increase the stock to 12 pigs including boar and sow.  Now, Mrs. Kalita earns a good amount for running the family smoothly, with a monthly income of about Rs.7,500/- to 8,000/- per month.
vi. Rural youth self employed through Dairy farming :
            Sri Chida M. Das,  Vill & P.O: Rongamati, started a Dairy farm during 2009. Initially Mr. Das started the farm  with  three  two cows  without any scientific knowledge and he got only 12  liter of milk from these two cows. Then he took the  training under KVK, Kamrup and technical knowledge gained in the training inspired him to  increases the animal up to 4 nos and able to sale  30 liters of milk per day and average  monthly income is  Rs 12,000.
vii. House wife becomes an entrepreneur through Tailoring unit:
# Ms Monju Boro, W/O Mr.Dhanbor Boro of Sajanpara village, P.O. Rani, started a tailoring unit on 15th November, 2008 under the guidance of KVK, Kamrup. Ms Boro has also employed three local girls trained under KVK, Kamrup on garment making in her unit. They have been trained specially in handling infant and ladies garment.
In addition to tailoring, Ms Boro has also kept a provision for training of local youth on dress making at her unit. Various readymade garments and clothes are sold in the unit as there is a great demand during festive season. She is a good example/representative from the Bodo community earning approximately an amount of Rs.5000/- (Rupees five thousand) only to sustain her family.
viii. Self-sustainability through manufacture of handloom products.
Ms. Niju Das of Bongora village in Kamrup District, till a few years back was a house wife. To sustain her family income and also to meet her family requirements she used to weave products like gamosa, mekhela chadar, Eri cloth etc. A few of these items were also sold in nearby areas. In 2004, Ms. Das came in contact with KVK, Kamrup seeking advice for expansion and marketing of her produce. Thereafter, she attended a number of training programmes conducted by KVK, Kamrup, participated in various exhibitions at the district, state and national level under the banner of KVK, Kamrup and periodically maintained a close liaison with KVK, Kamrup. Under the initiative of KVK, Kamrup self help group was also formed in her locality under her leadership which helped her to obtain a subsidized loan from Nationalized bank through District Rural Development Agency, Kamrup.
Presently, Ms. Niju Das is an established entrepreneur of Bongora village earning an average net income of Rs. 20,000/-. Her enthusiasm, knowledge and skill helped her to get selected and participate in the Global Conference held at New Delhi in March 2012. In addition to traditional Assamese dresses her manufactured product includes  home furnishings, diversified dress materials for children and adults, eri products etc.  Of late she has diversified her business activities that includes natural dye from vegetable and animal origin. Her products from natural dye has been highly acclaimed by buyers and also is in high demand in the market. Her success has motivated 250 farm women, rural youths of the neighboring areas.
ix. Self-sustainability through value addition of water hyacinth based craft
Mrs. Bibha Das of Raibori village attended several training programmes organized by KVK Kamrup. She has developed interest in making various craft products from water# hyacinth under the guidance of KVK Kamrup and recently has set up a training-cum-production unit at her residence. Inspired by her entrepreneurship in preparing water hyacinth based craft, many Rural Youths, approximately 20 nos, started preparing craft articles,  viz., purse, ladies bag, folder, hat, flower vase etc. and marketed these products from their house itself.
Mrs. Das has participated in various exhibitions and was able to attract visitors with her uniqueness of the products. Mrs. Das has now become a role model for others with her monthly earning of Rs 5,000.00 only by sale of her products which is in addition to her regular income 
The socio-economic impact of various activities of the KVK on:
i. Profitability and productivity enhancement of demonstrating farmers:
During last five years, 2008-09 to 2012-13, various demonstration programmes of KVK, Kamrup included on farm trials (OFT), Front line demonstration (FLD), FPARP and technology showcasing programme. These demonstrations were conducted on various field crops like rice, oil seed (sesamum and rapeseed) and pulses (black gram, green gram, pea and rajmah). Horticultural crop included tapioca, banana, coconut and tomato. In each of the demonstration programme it was found that the technologies generated by research institute and implemented through KVK in farmers’ field gave higher productivity than the farmers’ field. It was also observed that the additional net return/profit generated as a result of the additional cost and additional return was much higher than the net return of the farmers practice. The B:C ratio of improved technologies of all the demonstrations sited above was much higher than the B:C ratio through farmers practice.

Adopted Village Analysis:


Item

Unit

In 2008-09

In 2012-13

Change in cropping pattern

(%)

138

200

Change in productivity of

  1.  Cereal crops
  2.  Pulses
  3.  Oilseeds
  4.  Overall

(kg/ha)

 

3800
525
540
1622

 

5000
690
790
2160

Use of HYV (high-yielding varieties)

(%)

52

90

Uses of fertilizers (NPK) (nutrient)

(kg/ha)

95

160

Use of FYM and other bio-fertilizers

(kg/ha)

1340

1800

Tractor/machinery

(No.)

2

6

Change in economic indicators

  1.  Net returns/ha/yr
  2.  (by crop/enterprise)
  1.  cereals
  2.  pulses
  3.  oil seeds
  4.  over all

(No.)
Rs

 

8240

15950
4890
5125
5160

 

23,195

29,000
6300
18950
17090

 

ii. Diversification of agriculture:
Due to commercialization of farming / agriculture and increase man to land ratio, KVK, Kamrup has stressed on the importance of diversified farming by encouraging crop intensification i.e. raising two or three crops on the same plot of land through proper crop rotation, commercial horticulture, commercial floriculture, dairy, poultry, piggery, bee keeping, etc. The other advantages of diversified farming like reducing risk in the business, income all year round, higher income, employment generation, etc are the result from intervention made with the farming community.
In addition to creating self-employment opportunities in the field of commercial banana cultivation, different animal component, women empowerment through garment making etc., KVK,Kamrup is trying to promote crop diversification through commercial flower cultivation. It is estimated that flowers including marigold, tuberose and gerbera of Rs. 8 crores are imported to Assam every year. On the other hand marigold, tuberose and gerbera can be grown easily in Kamrup district. Therefore, the KVK consistently emphasizing on flower cultivation mainly at Hajo, kulhati area around 40 km away from the KVK. Presently more than 2,000 farm families are engaged in flower cultivation achieving net return more than 1,00,000.00 (One lakh)per hectare per annum.
iii. Livelihood security of the farmers:
As a result of adoption of improved technology, commercial horticulture, dairy, poultry, piggery, bee keeping, etc. through KVK the farming community has been successful in raising their income. Thus, enabling them to save for future livelihood security.
iv. Creation of job opportunities:
KVK, Kamrup is generating round the year activities in respect of self-employed entrepreneurship. In addition, the KVK is able to create extra job opportunities in the field of agriculture and allied sector. As evidenced in the Table 4, there is an increase of man days from 16.09% in INM to 48.08% in dairy farming followed by 46.65% in poultry farming.
v. Skill development of farmers:
In the KVK training programme emphasis is given on practical demonstration so that farmers can learn by doing and as such the skill is developed. For example, raising of modern and scientific nursery, composting through vermiculture, preservation of fruits and vegetables, Bee keeping, mushroom production, livestock production and management, etc.
vi. Entrepreneurship development:
In Kamrup district there is more than 4.0 lakhs registered unemployed educated youths resulting into social problems including insurgency. In absence of public sector job, it is felt that agriculture and allied sectors are the only livelihood option in state like Assam where economy is mainly agriculture centric.
KVK, Kamrup is trying its best to create self-employment opportunities in the field of agriculture and allied sector since its inception. Based on suitability, compatibility, market demand, etc. are the few criteria for selecting  the areas for self employment.. Low initial investment was considered to be another basis for starting up any unit on commercial basis.
As a result of continuous effort, KVK, Kamrup has been successful in developing a number of  successful entrepreneurs directly (Table 6)  in various localities of the district, particularly in the field of commercial nursery, floriculture, commercial banana cultivation, diary, piggery, tailoring, handloom product, value added product, etc and around 600 entrepreneurs indirectly during last five years.
In this context, KVK in collaboration with ICAR, Barapani organized two entrepreneurs meet one at Bongara village  and one at Kulhati, Hajo village.