The geographical area of Kamrup district is 4,111 sq. km., which is about 5.20 % of the total area of the state. The district consists of two civil Sub-divisions viz., Rangia and Guwahati, 16 no of blocks, 162 Gaon panchayats and 991 revenue villages. Out of which, Guwahati sub-division has 13 Blocks comprising 105 Gaon Panchayat and 735 revenue villages; whereas the Rangia Sub-division has 3 Blocks, 57 Gaon Panchayats and 256 Revenue villages. The district comprises of three Agricultural sub-divisions namely Guwahati, Rangia and Boko. Map of the district showing the location of different blocks is presented in Fig.
As per the official census 2011, Kamrup district has a population of 27,77,621 of which male and female were 14,35,238 and 13,42,383, respectively. There was change of 15.67 per cent in the population compared to population as per census 2001. Average literacy rate of Kamrup during 2011 in case of male is 84.45 per cent whereas it is 76.76 per cent for female. With regard to Sex Ratio, it stood at 946 per 1000 male compared to 2001 census figure of 934.
Land utilization pattern:
The geographical area of Kamrup district is 4,34,500 ha, out of which 4,18,594 ha falls under blocks of the district and rest 15906 ha comes under Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) area. Thus land utilization figure of the district is analyzed and presented on the basis of the geographical area which falls in blocks (rural area) baring area under GMC. Out of the 4,18,594 ha geographical area, the net cultivated area is 1,81,608 ha, area under forest - 1,16,964 ha, barren and uncultivable land – 20,296 ha, land put into non-agricultural uses – 19,994 ha, cultivable waste – 3,578 ha, permanent pastures and other grazing land – 21,236 ha , miscellaneous tree crops and grooves – 20,496 ha, current fallow – 7,922 ha, other fallow – 3,087 ha and others – 23,413 ha. Major farming systems/enterprises: There are 12 farming systems followed in the district. Of these, 3 common farming systems that are adopted by the both resource rich and resource poor farmers viz., Agriculture- Horticulture; Agriculture- Horticulture – Animal husbandry; Agriculture-Horticulture- Animal Husbandry – Fishery; and one farming system namely Agriculture –Animal husbandry-Fishery is predominant in resource rich category's farmers and another i.e. Horticulture-Sericulture followed only by resource poor farmers. Major agriculture and allied enterprises are Paddy, Rapeseed, Vegetables, Banana, Pineapple, Orange, Coconut, Arecanut, Bamboo, Dairy, Piggery, Poultry, Sericulture, Fishery etc. Some varietal interventions made and identified by KVK, Kamrup are given in Table 2. Table 2. Name of some major technologies suitable for the district in form of HYV seeds/quality planting materials/improved bred/fingerlings are listed below: Crop/enterprise Technology in form of seeds/planting materials/breeds/fingerlings Winter paddy Ranjit, Bahadur, Mahsuri, Prafulla, TTB-101-15, Rangalee, Basundhara, Ketekijoha, IR-36, Pankaj etc. Autumn paddy Luit, Dishang, IR-36,Jaya, IR-8, Ratna, Krishna etc. Summer paddy Joymati, Kanaklata, Bishnuprashad, Jyotiprasad, Dinanath, Swarnabh, Arize 6444, PAC 837 etc. Rapeseed TS 36, TS 38, TS 46, M 27, TS 67 etc. Vegetables Cabbage :: Golden Acre, Pride of India, Drum head, Rare ball, Green Express Cauliflower::Pusa katki, Early Kunwari, Pusa snowball, Improved Japanese, Snowball, Knolkhol:: White Vienna, Purple Vienna Potato:: Kufri Chandramukhi, Kufri Jyoti, Kufri sinduri Brinjal:: Long cluster, JC-1, JC-2, Pusa purple, BWR-12, BB-7 Cucumber:: Chinese green, Madhuri Ridge gourd::AAUJ-2, AAUJ-3, Pusa Nasdar, Mallika Tomato:: Trisul, Avinash, Rocky, Namdhari Suraksha, Singimari Local, Megha Tomato1 Bottle Gourd:: Gada, Long Green Okra:: Arka Anamika, Bhendi no 10, Bhendi no 16 Fruits Papaya:: CO-1, Pusa Magesty, Red Laddy Banana:: Malbhog, Chenichampa,Dwarf Cavendish, Monohar, Purakal Pineapple:: Kew, Queen Mandarin :: Khasi mandarin Lemon :: Assam lemon (Local) Coconut :: Kamrupa, Assam Tall, T X D Hybrid, Bengal Selected, Bengal Hazari Arecanut :: Kahikuchi Flowers Marigold:: Kulhati local, Chirakul, Pusa Nerangi Genda Gerbera(HYV):: Red Gem, Red Monarch, Orange wheel centre, Pride of Sikkim Gerbera (Hybrid):: Sheemer, Pink elegance Tuberose:: Prajwal, Suhasini, Calcutta single, Calcutta double Gladiolus:: American beauty, Red Candiman, Novalux, White prosperity, Red Sea, Suryakiran Spices Turmeric:: Megha Turmeric 1 Dairy Jersey cross, HF cross Piggery Hampshire and local cross, Hampshire and ghungroo cross, Large black Poultry Vanaraja, Giriraja and Broiler Fishery Rahu, Mirika, Catla, Grass carp, Common carp, Silver carp, etc. Sericulture Muga, Eri Few research stations, institutions namely, College of Veterinary Science, Khanapara, Regional Rainfed Lowland Rice Research Station, ICAR, Geruah, NRC on Pig, ICAR, Rani, Horticultural Research Station, AAU, Kahikuchi, CPCRI, ICAR, Kahikuchi, Goat Research Station, AAU, Baurnihat, FTS, Khetri etc. are working for technology generation for the farming community.